Red Baneberry

Red Baneberry-Ripened Fruit, Photo by Paul Drobot,

Red Baneberry-Ripened Fruit, Photo by Paul Drobot,

Melody Zellner, Master Gardener Volunteer
Revised:  5/18/2010

Common Name:   Red Baneberry

Botanical Name:  Actaea rubra

Location: Perennial Garden

Size: 18-36 inches tall and 12-15 inches wide   
                                                                                       
Bloom Time:  Flowers May—June;  berries July—August   
                                                                     
Bloom Color:  White                                
                                            
Light Requirements:  Partial to full shade   
                                                             
Moisture and Soil Requirements:  Moderate moisture, but do not over water; soil pH 5.6—6.5.  Prefers rich soil.

Hardiness:  Zones 3 – 8, native throughout most of WI   
                                                                          
Insect problems:  Leaf-feeding insects are easily controlled if detected early.         
                                                             
Diseases:  May be susceptible to rust under very humid conditions.  

Maintenance notes:  Divide in spring or sow seeds in autumn.      
                                                        
Uses:  Actaea provides both spring and summer interest and is suitable for shade gardens. This native plant attracts birds. The roots have been used for relief of menstrual cramping and the discomforts of menopause.

WARNING:  ALL PARTS OF PLANTS ARE POISONOUS IF INGESTED—CAUSING NAUSEA, DIZZINESS AND GAS.  TWO BERRIES COULD BE FATAL TO A CHILD.     

Additional Images

University of Wisconsin-Extension